As the rate of return of internally displaced persons (IDPs) to their places of origin in Iraq slows down, it becomes increasingly important to understand what the local integration of these households into their host communities may look like. This entails not only exploring IDPs’ living conditions and perceptions, but that of the host community as well to support both in ensuring all are equally woven into the local fabric at large.
There remains 1.9 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Iraq as of October 2018, with some in protracted displacement already and others at risk for it. This study sought to propose a base for classifying reasons why IDPs remain in displacement: housing, livelihoods and services, social cohesion, security, and mental health.
Ninewa Governorate provides a particularly useful case study on how violent extremism is viewed across diverse communities and how longstanding and deep-seated grievances among any group can lay the foundations for continuing violence if not addressed.
More than 4.1 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) have returned to their places of origin across eight governorates in Iraq. The Return Index provides a means of quantitatively measuring the severity of physical and social living conditions in the locations to which they are returning, correlating data for services, livelihoods, social cohesion, and safety.
Diyala Governorate, a microcosm of Iraq given the diversity of its residents and its terrain as well as its strategic location, highlights both the positive aspects of this mosaic as well as the tensions inherent in it. The governorate is also both underserved and understudied. This large-N perceptions study related to peace and conflict seeks to address this gap.
The growing interplay between past, current, and emerging dynamics in Salahaddin Governorate makes it necessary to understand how both returnees and those displaced within it feel about their current situation ahead of implementing large-scale early recovery programming.
In working toward building long-term peace, stability, and prosperity in post-conflict Iraq, a deeper understanding of complex local social, political, and security factors is needed to best carry out programming geared toward mitigating tensions and strengthening relationships.
By reconceptualizing social fragility, with findings from three governorates, this study highlights that social cohesion and relationships are not byproducts of policy and programming, but must be placed at the center of any strategy to help societies move toward lasting and just peace.
Overview of key social, political, and security issues to be faced in post-conflict Ninewa. Understanding the complex social fabric of this governorate is critical to ensuring that reconstruction in one of the most heavily ISIS affected areas in Iraq is not simply rebuilding over shaky foundations.
Highlighting the competing rights and protection needs of those families still displaced and those who will have to take them back, particularly in regard to those who did not flee at the “appropriate” times or who belong to the “wrong” identity group.
New and longstanding historical grievances intersect in Sinjar district between its diverse populations, particularly among Ezidis and Sunni Arabs. This influences not only social cohesion but the overall political economy of the district as well.
Development of an indicators framework, specifically for ethno-religiously diverse communities, to measure social cohesion, stabilization, and conflict between and within communities and between communities and the state. Piloted in northern Ninewa Governorate, the quantitative survey is run over three periods of time.