There remains 1.9 million people displaced in Iraq as of October 2018, with some in protracted displacement already and others at risk for it. This study sought to propose a base for classifying reasons why IDPs remain in displacement: housing, livelihoods, social cohesion, security, and health.
More than 4.1 million internally displaced persons have returned to their places of origin across eight governorates in Iraq. The Return Index provides a means of measuring quantitatively the severity of living conditions in the locations to which they are returning, correlating data for services, livelihoods, social cohesion, and safety.
Diyala, as a microcosm of the country, highlights both the positive aspects of this mosaic within the landscape and social fabric as well as the tensions inherent in it. People’s perceptions over peace and conflict are explored in detail through a large-N quantitative assessment.
The growing interplay between past, current, and emerging dynamics makes it critical to gain an understanding of how both returnees and those displaced living in these areas feel about their current situation ahead of implementing large-scale early recovery programming.
In working to promote peace, long-term stability, and prosperity in post-ISIS Iraq, a deeper understanding of community dynamics is needed to best carry out programming geared toward mitigating tensions and strengthening relationships.
Overview of key social issues to be faced in post-ISIS Ninewa. Understanding the complex social fabric of this governorate is critical to ensuring that reconstruction in one of the most heavily ISIS affected areas in Iraq is not simply rebuilding over shaky foundations.
There is potential for even more violence and destruction including against those who themselves are victims of this conflict but happened to have not fled at the “appropriate” times or who belong to the “wrong” identity group.
This project developed a framework of indicators to measure and monitor social cohesion and conflict between and within communities, with the pilot starting in Northern Ninewa. Quantitative surveys are run over three periods of time.